Sumatra is huge island with 1800 km & 450 square kilometers width, stretching from the Indian ocean in the North to the straits of Sunda in the South. It is a land of virgin tropical rain forests, volcanoes, high plateaus, waterfalls, lakes, peaceful white sandy beaches, terraced rice fields & endless plantations. The people of the island are hospitable & warm & can be divided in to many groups of ethnic such as Acehnese, Bataks, Minangkabau, Malays, Nias, etc. Each groups has their owns dialects, religious beliefs, traditional arts, customes & cultures. The diversity of arts & cultures literary make this island a Garden of Eden for social & historical scientists & cultural seekers. From the Acehnese in the North, the Bataks people around Lake Toba, the unique matriarchal social system of the Minangkabau & the Malays people that mostly at the coasts.
Travelling in NORTH SUMATRA will bring you to these beautiful & interesting places:
Medan means battlefield in Indonesian vocabulary, referred to the site of battlefield between the Aceh Kingdom & the Deli Kingdom. Once Medan was part of the Deli Sultanate but now is the capital city in Medan are the Mesjid Raya (Grand Mosque), the Maimoon palace, the prewar architecture buildings in the down town, crocodile farm, etc.
Bohorok, The Sumatran Orangutans Rehabilitation Center
Also known as Bukit Lawang, lies in South of Gunung Leuser national park. Here young orangutans are taught self preservation skills by human teachers for a return to their original habitat. The center is a 45 minute walk from Bukit Lawang at the end of a river trail. A canoe on a cable is provided for crossing the river. Besides of to observe the Sumatran orangutans, Bahorok is place for the adventurous.
About The Orangutans
One of the great apes, usually vegetarian & tailes & equivalent to the African gorilla & Chimpanzee. Their name, in Indonesia, means "Man of the forest". Orangutans are often loners & do not travel in large families. Another orangutans rehabilitation center is in Tanjung Puting National Park Central kalimantan serves the quite distinct Bornean subspecies of this endangered ape.
A lovely tourist town that located in the karo highlands known for various kinds of flowers, vegetables & fruits most famous of which is the "Marquisa" passion fruit. It is 66 km southwest of Medan & surrounds by two volcanoes: Mt. Sibayak & Mt. Sinabung.
Lake Toba & Parapat
The centerpiece of Sumatra is the gigantic crater Lake Toba. With 80 km length, 40 km width & 450m deep, Lake Toba is the largest lake in Southeast Asia. It was a caldera of giant volcano that collapsed around 100.000 years ago. Now Lake Toba has become one of the major tourist destinations in Indonesia, offers its natural beauty, cool climate & rich culture of the Batak people. On shore of Lake Toba there is Parapat, the embarkation point for ferries & boat to Samosir island. It is a busy resort mostly by tourism.
Located right in the middle of Lake Toba, Samosir island covers an area of 630 square-km. This island is home of the fiercest but kind hearted Toba Bataks. Visiting the village of Tomok, Tuk-tuk, Simanindo, Ambarita are recommended for traditional Batak Toba houses & local dances.